A basketball court is shown at the ESPN Wide World of Sports complex in Kissimmee, Fla., Tuesday, July 21, 2020. The NBA's marketing motto for the restart of the season at Walt Disney World is “Whole New Game,” and in many respects, that’s very true. (AP Photo/Tim Reynolds)

A diversity report for racial and gender hiring in the NBA found more people of color serving as general managers and more women filling team management roles.

Thursday’s report card from The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport (TIDES) at Central Florida assigned an overall A-minus score, with an A-plus for racial hiring and a B for gender hiring. The report examined a range of positions at the league headquarters and within franchises from the start of the 2019-20 season, then updated data this month as the league prepared to restart play amid the coronavirus pandemic.

Most notably, people of color represented 28% of general managers for a 24-year high at the start of the season, then reached 40% with the July update. The study also found that women filled 33% of team management positions, the highest mark in two decades after the overall gender score had fallen on each of the previous two report cards.

TIDES director Richard Lapchick, the lead report author, said the NBA “has been and continues to be the highest scoring men’s league when you’re combining race and gender hiring practices.”

“They have the most proactive diversity-inclusion office in professional sport,” Lapchick said in an interview. “And of course, they’re the same team that also leads the WNBA’s efforts in that area. They really take things to heart. … But they want to keep pushing themselves. It’s one of the things I admire about the NBA’s leadership.”

The league received A-plus grades in racial hiring for its headquarters, players, head coaches, assistant coaches, team management and team professional staff, along with an A-minus for team general managers and B-plus for team vice presidents.

For gender hiring, highlights included women holding 40.3% of professional positions at the league headquarters and 39% of those roles at the team level, both good for a B-plus. The study also reported an all-time high of women making up 26.6% of vice president or higher positions at the team level, though that was good only for a D-plus as an area for improvement.

Another positive cited was the league’s push to hire women as assistant coaches. Nine served in that role for 2019-20, compared with three a year earlier. Two recently took over power-conference college programs: Memphis’ Niele Ivey became head coach at alma mater Notre Dame in April and Boston’s Kara Lawson became Duke’s head coach on July 11.

Additionally, nine NBA teams had a person of color or a woman as majority team owner, with no other men’s league “even close” to that total, according to the study.

Lapchick attributed slight decreases in the NBA’s overall and racial hiring scores due to TIDES changing its methodology to add a category for team chief executive officers or presidents in its report cards going forward. The league received F grades in that category for both racial and gender hiring, with people of color and women each representing 10.9% of those positions.

The NBA study is the first from TIDES for the 2019-20 or 2020 season, with report cards to come for Major League Baseball, the WNBA, Major League Soccer, NFL and college sports.


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